Read More. Gum Arabic tree, also known as Senegal gum, kumta and Sudan gum Arabic, is prevalent throughout the region of Iraq and other areas of the Middle East. Water-Efficient Plants in January, February and March. IRAQ. In 2001, Iraq produced hydraulic cement, nitrogen, phosphate rock (from the Akashat open-pit mine), salt, and native Frasch sulfur (from underground deposits at Mishraq, on the Tigris River, south of Mosul), as well as clay, gypsum, lime, limestone, industrial sand (glass or silica), sand, gravel, and stone. WGSRPD code: IRQ : Wikimedia Commons has media related to Flora of Iraq. Wild animals include the hyena, jackal, fox, gazelle, antelope, jerboa, mole, porcupine, desert hare, and … Arabic trees are also common throughout the country. The rich plant life allowed many animals to live in this region. Popular flowers include the red yucca and Jericho rose. As a desert flower, the Jericho rose is drought tolerant and prefers full sun exposure for optimal growth. This tree commonly reaches heights up to 60 feet tall and features a rough, blackish bark amongst spiny branches. Iraq - Iraq - Climate: Iraq has two climatic provinces: the hot, arid lowlands, including the alluvial plains and the deserts; and the damper northeast, where the higher elevation produces cooler temperatures. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss. It thrives in full sun exposure and is often found along rocky hillsides or low-lying savannas. Popular flowers include the red yucca and Jericho rose. The broad leaves and delicate purple flowers floating on the Euphrates look breathtaking — but they are suffocating the waterways of Iraq, celebrated as the “land of the two rivers.” The water hyacinth, nicknamed the “Nile flower” in Iraq, is an invasive plant native to South America’s Amazon basin that has ravaged ecosystems across the world, from Sri Lanka to Nigeria. Rodents, snakes, hedgehogs, gazelle and large cats are some of the animals that call Iraq home. To clarify, North America introduces it as the game bird. According to the US National Arboretum, A native plant is one that occurs naturally in a particular region, ecosystem, or habitat without direct or indirect human intervention. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. As of 2001, seven of Iraq's mammal species and 12 of its bird species are endangered. Our team has embarked on the propagation of lesser known but nevertheless important plants, in the quest to broaden the bio-diversity of our flora. Iran - Iran - Plant and animal life: Topography, elevation, water supply, and soil determine the character of the vegetation. In my opinion, nothing beats a fig tree. The intense heat and arid climate of Iraq are reflected in the plants and animals that are native to the region. The animals native of Iraq have been predominantly determined by the arid climate and terrain of the country's mountains and deserts. The native plants of Iran require greater conservation efforts by Iranians and their government to ensure that their populations are environmentally sustained. The water hyacinth, nicknamed the "Nile flower" in Iraq, is an invasive plant native to South America's Amazon basin that has ravaged ecosystems across the world, from Sri Lanka to Nigeria. Moq. Each week we bring you two new Plants of the Week and the Information Library contains hundreds of articles about southern Africa plants and related topics. Her work has appeared in print magazines such as "Ft. Thomas Living" and "Bend of the River." Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. It is native … Mediterranean and alpine plant species thrive in the mountains. The native animals of Iraq include the antelope, hyena, jackal, wild pig, gazelle, cheetah, lizard, wild ass, wolf and bat. Many of these invasive plants are escapees from gardens and landscapes where they were originally planted. Plants and Animals. There are currently more than 3300 plants and flowers in the country of Iraq. Less than 100,000 metric tons of corn is also grown. This category has only the following subcategory. The Jericho rose is a popular desert flower found throughout the country of Iraq and surrounding middle eastern regions. Hibernating. Malaysia ranks among the world’s most biodiverse countries, housing more than 15,000 species of flowers, plants and trees. Desert Rose. Plants of the week. The water hyacinth, nicknamed the "Nile flower" in Iraq, is an invasive plant native to South America's Amazon basin that has ravaged ecosystems across the world, from Sri Lanka to Nigeria.. Iraq’s National Symbol, the Chukar Partridge is very beautiful and innocent bird in the world. Red yucca is characterized by loose mounding, erect flower stalks, which are slow growing. Campbell holds a Bachelor of Science degree in biblical studies and psychology from Cincinnati Christian University. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, iraq flag icon. (with clipping path) image by Andrey Zyk from, Rose von Jericho - trocken image by Marem from, Gum Tree in the Desert 137 image by Dianne Burridge from. Native Plant Species Of Iran. F Flora of Kurdistan (5 P) Pages in category "Flora of Iraq" Non-native plant species pose a significant threat to the natural ecosystems of the United States. The water hyacinth, nicknamed the "Nile flower" in Iraq, is an invasive plant native to South America's Amazon basin that has ravaged ecosystems across the world, from Sri Lanka to Nigeria. Genus: Anabasis L. Anabasis articulata (Forssk.) Red yucca is commonly planted in mass along flower gardens in the Middle East and other regions known for intense heat. In the desert, the Jericho rose will blow like a tumbleweed until it lands upon a water source. The birds that are commonly seen across the country include goose, vulture, owl, sand grouse, duck, partridge, buzzard, raven, and many different species of hawks. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Flora_of_Iraq&oldid=885358059, Flora by distribution categories that follow the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, Flora categories with a level 3 WGSRPD code, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 February 2019, at 14:54. Since Iraq is mostly a desert region, most of the plants found in this country boast … There are currently more than 3300 plants and flowers in the country of Iraq. The wildlife of Iraq includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats.Iraq has multiple biomes which include the mountainous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq to the wet marshlands along the Euphrates river.The western part of the country comprises desert and some semi-arid regions. Gum Arabic tree is extremely drought tolerant and can successfully grow in numerous adverse conditions, but does not do well in regions that experience frost. Five-year average production estimates for Iraq are 860,000 metric tons (MT) of wheat and 720,000 MT of barley, and 210, 000 MT of rice. For guidance on using flora distribution categories, see WP:PLANTS/Using the WGSRPD. Here are some plants that grow in Iraq:HawthornsJunipersTerebirthsWild pearsSrubsOak forests (Largely disappearing)In some regions of Iraq, many shrubs and herbs grow. Since Iraq is mostly a desert region, most of the plants found in this country boast a high drought and saline tolerance. The flowers appear for three to four weeks when the plants are 4 to 6 inches tall. The fig (which tastes great […] The Desert Rose, scientifically named Adenium obesum, is a flowering plant species in the dogbane family. Arabic trees are also common throughout the country. Fact Sheets & Plant Guides: Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images : Complete PLANTS Checklist: State PLANTS Checklist: Advanced Search Download About 30 million date palms produce one of Iraq's most important exports. People living here hunted and gathered the animals and plants. Arab men in Iraq wear an ankle-length, long sleeved robe called a dishdasha that covers the skin to protect it from the sun but is still loose fitting and comfortable. Sword-shaped, narrow leaves make up red yucca foliage in shades of grayish green. This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Spain, N. Africa to Iraq and Arabian Peninsula. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Halophytes such asSeidlitzia rosmarinus andHalocnemum strobilaceum indicate very high soil sodium contents, and others high magnesium and sulphate contents. Some of these native plants are discussed below. Purchased at local nurseries, wholesale suppliers and elsewhere, these plants have the potential of taking over large areas, affecting native plants and animals and The Jericho rose is a popular desert flower found throughout the country of Iraq and surrounding middle eastern regions. Flowers frequently appear on the tips in a spike-like fashion in shades of rose or coral, and typically bloom from late spring until fall. The following 62 pages are in this category, out of 62 total. Winter is the time to appreciate and admire red and golden trunks, twigs, berries, and branches, as well as evergreen shrubs and trees that in other seasons provide background and structure. The fig: over 750 varieties and native to the Middle East The strong grey trunk, the wide velvety leaves, the sticky itchy white milk resin that leaks from the cracked leaves, its round crimson fruits with their bellies filled with honeyed goodness. Reflooding of Iraq's destroyed Mesopotamian marshes since 2003 has resulted in the reestablishment of many native invertebrates, plants, fish, and birds, according to … In fact, the country is known for its many species of bats. Gum Arabic tree is extremely drought tolerant and can successfully grow in numerous adverse conditions, but does not do well in regions that experience frost. Native plants Red yucca is commonly planted in mass along flower gardens in the Middle East and other regions known for intense heat. In the higher Zagros Mountains grows the valonia oak, the bark of which is used for tanning leather. The relatively cool and moist conditions in the northeast support a variety of plant life. Chukar Partridge is a native bird of southern Eurasia. Ancient Mesopotamia and the surrounding area is often called the Fertile Crescent or the Cradle of Civilization. In the northeast cultivation fed by precipitation is possible, but elsewhere irrigation is essential. Only 2.5% of the plant species are endemic to the country despite the size of Saudi Arabia. Selectivity in the uptake and accumulation of mineral elements was exhibited by many native plants. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers supplied fresh water for humans, plants… Nestled in western Asia, Iraq provides homes to a variety of animals that can withstand the arid climate. There are currently more than 3300 plants and flowers in the country of Iraq. This perennial flower commonly reaches heights between 2 and 4 feet. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The puschkinia is a bulb-based flower that is commonly called the striped squill. Much of the garden is resting. These bulbs produce stalks with blue-white flowers in mid-spring, usually between March and April. Simplified. As a garden enthusiast, Campbell enjoys discovering new varieties of flowers and plants. Approximately one-tenth of Iran is forested, most extensively in the Caspian region. Although native to Iraq, these bulbs will grow in the United States. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). All Rights Reserved. Subcategories. Native plants of Iraq have shown considerable variation in their ability to accumulate mineral elements. Plant red yucca in full sun exposure for optimal growth. Red yucca is drought tolerant, generally pest-free and is known to attract hummingbirds. For guidance on using flora distribution categories, see WP:PLANTS/Using the WGSRPD. We consider the flora present at the time Europeans arrived in North America as the species native to the eastern United States. It is also known as the resurrection flower or dinosaur plant due to its ability to survive in a dormant, curled-up state for many years before opening up and turning green once again. In the area are found broad-leaved deciduous trees—oak, beech, linden, elm, walnut, ash, and hornbeam—and a few broad-leaved evergreens. Traditional clothing is still common in many rural areas of Iraq, but in urban parts of the country, men and women alike are much more likely to dress in relatively conservative Western styles. Some fill decorative gardens while others remain undiscovered in the 130 million-year-old rainforests covering vast areas of Malaysian Borneo. With seeds collected from authenticated seed sources, we now have for sale small numbers of species such as Parsonsia spp, Raukaua spp, Streblus spp and Teucridium spp. Rachel Campbell has been writing professionally for several years. We are truly the native plant specialists. Middle eastern plants are generally hardy, having successfully adapted to harsh conditions over vast topography and climate conditions. Native Plants of Iran Scientific Name; Zagros Field Elm: Ulmus minor 'Boissieri' … This category has only the following subcategory. Gum is often extracted from the cracks of the tree’s bark and harvested as an export for use in inks, pottery pigments, wax polishes, water-colors and dressing fabrics.