The cones from a handful of species, especially Juniperus communis, are used as a spice, particularly in European cuisine, and also give gin its distinctive flavour. Juniper Berries, 1 oz.Review: Juniper berries have long been used as a flavoring in foods and alcoholic beverages such as gin. Flowers: Pollen bearing male cones and female cones that appear as the berries; Fruit: Blue berry-like cone often with a whitish blue dusty surface known as a "bloom". ; Bailey, E.Z. the plants are about 25 years old. But to give mature plants a boost, you can use an organic fertilizer in the fall if you wish. Shake over ice. 3. Just make sure the plants have adequate airflow and drainage, as most of their issues arise from overly damp environments.ï»¿ï»¿. Blue rug juniper is tolerant of a range of soil types, though it prefers to grow in sandy soil. 1976. By this method, you can propagate rare juniper varieties or create Juniper on the stam. It is dioecious, producing cones of only one sex on each plant. Works well as a specimen and in rock gardens. Blue Rug Juniper - 10 Live 4 Inch Plants - Juniperus Horizontalis 'Wiltonii' - Drought Tolerant Cold Hardy Evergreen. Trim the juniper in the late winter or early spring when the weather is dry. It is closely related to Juniperus virginiana, and often hybridizes with it where their ranges meet in southern Canada. Blue Rug Juniper has attractive silvery blue foliage. Blue rug juniper is certainly a low-maintenance plant. Bailey, L.H. This is an extremely durable evergreen shrub that hugs the ground with trailing branches. Blueberry Delight Juniper (Juniperus communis var. Since the bank is completely covered with the plant, can I broadcast the fertilizer over them ? Excellent soil drainage is key to healthy growth.Â Furthermore, this plant is tolerant of rocky soil, as well as salt from saltwater spray or road salt. Junipers produce dusky blue berries that are actually cones containing seeds. They're best planted in the fall, winter, or early spring when the temperature is regularly below 60 degrees Fahrenheit. It features silver blue foliage that acquires purple tones in winter. This cultivar is synonymous with J. horizontalis Blue Rug and sometimes commonly called blue rug juniper. This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. Make a tasty diuretic tea by steeping juniper berries over boiling water for 10 minutes, add honey or another natural sweetener, and enjoy! The third way to propagate Juniper is by grafting. Junipers of the World: The genus Juniperus. The Blue Rug Juniper is a low lying, creeping evergreen shrub. However, soil that's too wet can kill the plant.ï»¿ï»¿ So plan to water only if you've had an extended dry spell. Immature berries are green, taking 2 to 3 years to ripen to a purplish blue-black. It will soon reach 6 to 10 feet across, with its branches spreading in every direction. depressa âAmDakâ) is a tough little customer with a very exciting densely spreading growth habit. This stakeholder planted several Blue Rug Juniper bushes last fall. Several varieties of junipers are native to the United States, from tall trees to bush-like formations. Juniper berries have been used for culinary and medicinal purposes since ancient times, and current research suggests that they may offer various health benefits. Blue Rug Juniper, Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii', will carpet your landscape in beautiful, silver-blue foliage. The plants just glisten in bright sunlight. They will grow to form a mat that's thick enough to crowd out weeds and provide visual interest all throughout the year. Blue rug juniper is a hardy evergreen plant with silvery-blue foliage that can take on a purple tone in the winter months. The leaves are arranged in opposite decussate pairs, or occasionally in whorls of three; the adult leaf blades are scale-like, 1â2 mm long (to 8 mm on lead shoots) and 1â1.5 millimetres (0.039â0.059 in) broad, and derive from an adnate petiole. One of if not the lowest growing of all the ground hugging Juniper varieties, Blue Rug is one we use more than any other juniper as a groundcover in landscape design. Landscape Attributes Blue Rug Juniper is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii' -- Blue Rug juniper -- 4 inches high and 8 to 10 foot spread; silver-blue foliage Problems Some junipers are susceptible to Gymnosporangium rust disease, otherwise known as apple rust fungus, which can be a serious problem if planted â¦ Blue rug juniper grows well in average soil and is tolerant of somewhat poor soil. Articles. 4.0 out of 5 stars 14. These plants can grow in a variety of temperatures and humidity levels. However, they can tolerate a little bit of shade and actually prefer coverage from hot afternoon sun to prevent foliage burns. Blue Rug Juniper bushes. Birds, foxes and other wild animals eat juniper berries. All have lacy, leathery evergreen foliage. Noteworthy CharacteristicsExcellent in a rock garden or on banks to prevent erosion. Updated: July 31, 2016. If you take a bird's-eye view of the shrub, you will notice that the clusters of â¦ If you are growing it as a ground cover for a large site, space plants 4 to 6 feet apart. Landscapers use them 5, 6 12 or 100 at a time as a ground cover. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Prized for its blue-green, scale-like foliage, the blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis "Wiltonii") produces a low, creeping growth habit. It lives up to both its scientific and common names, reaching only 10â30 cm tall but often spreading several metres wide. Right now we have people practically begging for rooted cuttings in Our Members Area. The male cones are 2â4 millimetres (0.079â0.157 in) long, and shed their pollen in early spring. Save For Later Print. Remove any dead or damaged portions, and cut back long branches to shape them ideally by no more than a quarter of their length. Blue Rug Juniper, Juniperus horizontalis âWiltonii', is a l ow growing, creeping silvery-blue evergreen shrub with dark blue, berry-like cones. Hybrids with Juniperus scopulorum also occur. Light pruning also can encourage robust growth and branching to create more fullness. Itâs an ornamental evergreen that can grow in almost any dry condition. Season: Spring & Summer Urban, Rural or Both: Both Juniper Berries.There are many different trees in the Juniper family. Many of the most popular cultivars have strikingly glaucous foliage, while others are bright green, yellowish or variegated. Blue Rug Wiltoni is a very flat growing form of juniper with a nice silvery blue color, and takes on a light "purplish" tinge during winter months. Fertilizer typically isn't necessary, especially if you have rich soil. Propagating Juniper By Grafting. However, eating large amounts of juniper berries can result in kidney issues. It stays no more than 6 inches tall, so it really is a carpet of blue over your garden. 98. Planted on a hillside or rock garden, its aesthetic beauty will be noticed throughout the season. Blue Star juniper is a needled evergreen shrub with silvery-blue, densely-packed foliage. Disease Symptoms Pathogen/Cause Management; Cedar-apple rust: Smooth, round galls on twigs are up to golf ball size. Blue rug juniper creates a flat ground cover. Each short, dark green needle is accented with a silvery-blue pinstripe. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, NPIN Database: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Juniperus_horizontalis&oldid=974578087, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Adams, R. P. (2004). Juniper Diseases; Juniper Diseases. Gin's original preparation was used for kidney ailments. The juvenile leaves (on young seedlings only) are needle-like, 5â10 mm long. The best time to plant blue rug juniper is in the cooler temperatures of fall, winter, or early spring. You can propagate blue rug juniper by stem cuttings. There are three native Junipers that I know of in the Eastern part of North America, the Common Juniper (Juniperus communis), the Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis) and a tree called the Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana). Root growth can take several months, soÂ don't plant your cutting outside until the next spring. The scale-like leaves are highly ornamental and turn plum purple in fall. Blue Rug Juniper: A Guide to Grow and Care Blue Rug Juniper In winter, the foliage turns a purplish color, for additional interest. Blue Rug (Wiltonlii Juniper): This is likely the most popular cultivar. Plant taxonomy classifies Blue Rug juniper plants under Juniperus horizontalis. These plants prefer to grow in full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days. Place the cutting in bright, indirect light in a warm room, and keep the soil moist. Well over 100 different cultivars have been selected for use as ornamental plants in gardens, their strictly prostrate growth habit being valued for ground cover. The cones are berry-like, globose to bilobed, 5â7 millimetres (0.20â0.28 in) in diameter, dark blue with a pale blue-white waxy bloom, and contain two seeds (rarely one or three); they usually have a curved stem and are mature in about 18 months. Blue Rug Juniper is a hot, hot seller and nobody buys just one. Blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii') is a drought-tolerant ground cover that craves good soil drainage. To make a healthy non-alcoholic mocktail, mix 2 to 3 ounces of tonic water with 1 ounce of juniper berry syrup and a splash of lime. In too much shade, blue rug juniper will appear thin rather than lush. Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Juniper diseases. A juniper berry is the female seed cone produced by the various species of junipers.It is not a true berry but a cone with unusually fleshy and merged scales, which gives it a berry-like appearance. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. FREE Shipping. It is also very e Foliage is a silver blue that transitions into purple bronze during the winter months. Remove the needles from the bottom third of the cutting, dip the end in powdered rooting hormone, and plant it in a potting mix. They are also really hot sellers in small pots, like a one quart pot. Planting Directions for Blue Rug Juniper. Hello I have a large bed of Blue Rug junipers on a ssteep bank and I would like to fertilize them. Popular examples include 'Bar Harbor', 'Blue Acres', 'Emerald Spreader', 'Green Acres', and 'Wiltonii' ("Blue Rug Juniper"). Here are â¦ Juniper berry toxicity is relatively rare, but can occur in certain circumstances. Juniper Berry Toxicity If your dog consumes a few juniper berries, he'll probably throw up or experience diarrhea and feel nauseous for awhile. That way the roots can become established before hot and dry weather arrives. They typically don't have issues with pests or diseases and are even resistant to deer and air pollution. Moreover, particularly humid or wet weather can cause some stem dieback or root rot.ï»¿ï»¿. After that, the plant prefers a moderate amount of soil moisture and can tolerate some drought. The Blue Rug Juniper is a fast growing evergreen that forms a low carpet of striking silver-blue foliage over a wide area. Trafford Publishing, This page was last edited on 23 August 2020, at 20:01. It pairs nicely with other evergreens, below trees, or along hardscapes. She lives along the Lake Huron shoreline and landscaped them near her break wall by the lake. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Blue rug juniper, creeping juniper, carpet juniper. CareGrows well in well-drained soil and tolerates a wide variety of types of soils and conditions. Wiltonii is a female cultivar noted for its excellent, dense, prostrate form, typically growing to 4-6 tall and spreading to 6-8 wide. Until a blue rug juniper plant matures, it's necessary to keep the soil evenly moist (but not soggy). Asked March 11, 2016, 12:05 PM EST. Asked April 26, 2019, 9:53 AM EDT. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Extremely hardy - adapts to a wide range of soils & conditions.----- The growth habit can be described as a dense, low, mat-like plant with a height of 4 - 6 inches and a spread of 5 - 6 feet. This juniper is a practical solution for sunny slopes where water runs off so quickly that plants are apt to go thirsty. The shoots are slender, 0.7â1.2 millimetres (0.028â0.047 in) diameter. This is a complicated method, and it is used mainly by professionals. The amount of antioxidants in juniper berry is high and easily exceeds that of most real berry fruit, based on their ORAC values: Ripe blue juniper = 8,890 to 76,770; Immature green juniper = 8,420 to 80,260; These come from a series of tests done in Norway on 6 â¦ They can tolerate wide fluctuations of day-to-night temperatures, as well as snow and frost. Take a cutting that's around 4 to 6 inches long from a healthy stem between late July and October. It spreads very quickly, and will likely expand several feet in the first season alone after being transplanted from a nursery. Blue Rug Juniper Fertilizing. Blue Rug Juniper is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a ground-hugging habit of growth. With a moderate growth rate, it reaches less than a foot tall but can spread several feet wide, forming a dense mat. After the snow melted she discovered them as you will see in the 3 photos I have attached. Juniperus horizontalis, the creeping juniper or creeping cedar, is a low-growing shrubby juniper native to northern North America, throughout most of Canada from Yukon east to Newfoundland, and in the United States in Alaska, and locally from Montana east to Maine, reaching its furthest south in Wyoming and northern Illinois. Blue Rug Juniper - 30 Live Plants - 4" Container Low Maintenance Evergreen Ground Cover. University of Georgia Extension, JuniperusÂ HorizontalisÂ 'Wiltonii'. Referred to as a Juniper Berry; Bark: New growth green, branches reddish, Mature bark grey often with reddish tone and vertical shredding 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42237A2965318.en, Plantmaps.com: Interactive Distribution Map of. It grows 6 to 12 inches per year and bears ovoid dark blue fruit. Juniperus horizontalis, the creeping juniper or creeping cedar, is a low-growing shrubby juniper native to northern North America, throughout most of Canada from Yukon east to Newfoundland, and in the United States in Alaska, and locally from Montana east to Maine, reaching its furthest south in Wyoming and northern Illinois. ; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. Read our, 'Emerald Gaiety' Wintercreeper Plant Profile, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper. It produces blue berries from late spring to late winter. Don't prune all the way back to any bare stems growing in the center of the plant, as this wood might be too old to put out new growth.ï»¿ï»¿, In addition to blue rug juniper, there are several other varieties of Juniperus horizontalis. Plant at Pancake Bay sand dunes, Ontario, Canada, Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii' as a garden plant. It has a silver blue color and grows 6 inches or less off the ground. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which should be used to full effect. $76.98 $ 76. They include:Â, Basic Principles of Pruning Woody Plants. All necessary for Pest Control https://amzn.to/2rLU5CG ----- Weed Killer That Will Not Harm Blue Rug Juniper. However, you can prevent the juniper from spreading outside of your desired planting site by keeping it trimmed. Missouri Botanical Garden. Blue rug juniper doesn't really need to be pruned unless the growth has become unruly or portions of the plant are damaged or diseased. Once the plants are mature they will generally only require occasional watering and trimming to shape them. Makes a perfect ground cover in sunny areas. 4.5 out of 5 stars 23. I have purchased Holly Tone powered fertilizer. The rootstock should be at least 3-4 years old. For grafting, you need to prepare rootstocks.